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DCS Reference: Air Defences, Eastern

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Italicised units — ones with their number in parenthesis — are optional and not necessary for the functioning of the system. Beyond that, the numbers listed only indicate the doctrinal setups and all systems only require one of each mandatory unit to work if the mission designer wants to reduce the overall unit count. Units (mainly decorative) that can be found outside the Air Defence category have their category indicated in parentheses, as do decorations that only exist as static objects. For some of the more advanced systems, it is good practice to make the command post unit the first unit in the group, but some scripting setups such as Skynet-IADS will require specific units to be the the first one in the group in order for the scripting to work.

Naming conventions

To fully understand what different systems do and what their purpose is, one has to dive into the murky world of GRAU indices — the Russian equivalent of the JETDS or AN-system. Three general groups and naming schemes are relevant to keep track of:

  • The 2K series — the air defences that for one reason or another classify as artillery (the index number 2) anti-air systems (the ‘K’ category). Ostensibly, this signifies tactical air defence units that are deployed to protect a given (smaller) area. This can be contrasted against 2A category, where the A means it is a towed system.
  • The 9K series — army missile (index 9) anti-air systems (again ‘K’). The army categorisation implies that these are more mobile units that are deployed to protect various army detachment rather than specific points. The actual missiles themselves are categorised as 9M, the individual launchers as 9A, and command units as 9S.
  • The S- series — multi-part strategic (hence the ‘S’) defence system that, while they might have some mobility, are set up to defend large swaths of strategically important airspace. The number after the S signifies a nominal protection radius in kilometres. Individual pieces within this larger system will have their own GRAU indices, but that's of less relevance for the system name as a whole.

To add to the confusion, there is often a lot of overlap between these schemes as different components of each system will themselves have specific GRAU codes and of course, on top of this is the often more familiar NATO reporting names for each system. The NATO names have a logic of their own, commonly using “SA” to signify a Surface to Air system, and a number that essentially works as a chronological index — the SA-2 was made (or at least officially acknowledged) before the SA-3; SA-10 came out slightly before SA-11, and so on.

Picking an early-detection system

A look through the setups listed below will reveal that many systems have the option to use one of two different detection systems: the P-19 search radar or the Sborka reconnaissance/command centre/air defence radar. This includes a number of IR- and optically guided systems. The choice to use these two units is a bit of a compromise.

On the one hand, including them lets the group detect enemies early and have more time to change their level of readiness, letting them fire as soon as the target is in weapon range. On the other hand, this will give early warning to the target as well, which for some IR systems in particular might defeat the whole purpose of using a sneaky passive targeting system. On the third hand, since so many different systems use the same two detection units, it can be hard for the attacker to figure out the exact nature of what is about to shoot at them — if all you see is eight different “Dog Ear” cues on the RWR, you will not know if those are aiming SA-13 IR missiles, SA-15 radar missiles, or SA-19 optically guided missiles in your general direction (until it is too late). It also gives anti-radiation missiles more emitters to try to resolve or accidentally lock on to, wasting precious ordnance on something that does not actually reduce the threat for aircraft in the area.

From a mission-design standpoint, DCS' automated briefing screen will unfortunately give a lot of this away and ruin the surprise, as will the faked SA data loading that is integrated in aircraft such as the F-16, F/A-18, and Ka-50. Two mission editor options exist to “hide on planning screen” and “hide on MFD” that are supposed to suppress this free intel, but this functionality is unreliably and unevenly implemented in the different modules.

Radar-guided

2K12 Kub / SA-6 “Gainful”

The SA-6 is a Soviet Mobile Medium range SAM developed in 1958 intended to cover ground forces from aerial attack.

2K12 Kub / SA-6 “Gainful”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
SAM SA-6 Kub STR 9S91 1 1S91 “Straight Flush” Search/Track Radar Detection: 0.5–37.8nm / 1–70km
Altitude: 65–45,900ft / 20–14,000m
RWR-6.pngPO1-Medium.png
SAM SA-6 Kub LN 2P25 4 Transporter Erector Launcher 3× 3M9M Engagement: 2.2–13.5nm / 4–25km
Altitude: 98–26,500ft / 30–8,000m
Max speed: Mach 2.2
SAM SR P-19 (1) P-19 Danube 1RL134 / “Flat Face B” Search Radar Detection: 0.8–86.4nm / 1.5–160km
Altitude: 82–98,400ft / 25–30,000m
RWR-FF.pngPO1-Medium.png
(Armor) APC BTR-80 (1) Site Survey Vehicle
(Unarmed) CP SKP-11 ATC Mobile Command Post (1) Radio Relay Van
(Unarmed) CP Ural-375 PBU (1) Radar Test/repair Station
(Unarmed) Transport GAZ-66 (1) Transporter/transloader
(Unarmed) Transport KAMAZ-43101 (2) Missile Transporter
(Unarmed) Transport ZIL-131 KUNG (1) Repair/test/assembly Station
(Static Cargos) ISO container small (8) Missile reloads
Reload / rearm 5s to ready new missile; 600s per missile to reload;
1800s total rearm time per launcher from a depleted state.
Acquisition time STR: 1s scan + 20s acquisition.
SR: 6s scan + 9s acquisition.
Acquisition limits STR lock-on: 32.1nm / 59.5km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
SR lock-on: 73nm / 136km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
Target tracking STR can guide 2 missiles at a time at a single target.
Target size limit 0.18m².[1]
Sensor scan coverage STR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
SR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+45° vertical.
Time to ready 2s (all components)
Kill radius 12m
Notes
The optional components are mostly for decoration (especially the static cargo containers), although the many transport units will provide rearming functionality for the launchers.

Adding an optional P-19 radar extends the search range but may tip off the target early and reduces the site's mobility.

The system is mobile but relies in multiple components and cannot be directly driven using Combined Arms.

Available to
Abkhazia, but only with historical units turned off Algeria, from 1982 Angola, from 1983 Belarus, but only with historical units turned off Bulgaria, from 1976 Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Cuba, from 1982 Czech Republic, from 1993 East Germany, from 1976 to 1990 Egypt, from 1972 Ethiopia, from 1973 Hungary, from 1974 India, from 1977 Iran, from 1995 Iraq, from 1977 to 2003 Kazakhstan, from 1991 Libya, from 1974 Poland, from 1973 Romania, from 1980 Russia, from 1991 Serbia, from 2006 Slovakia, from 1993 Syria, from 1973 Ukraine, from 1991 United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off USSR, from 1967 to 1991 Yemen, from 1979 Yugoslavia, from 1971 to 1991 Vietnam, from 1979
Tactics
This system was designed to be a mobile point defence system to protect ground forces from aerial attack, as such it can move with them and set up within 15 minutes. It is also employed as static point defence around important installations. Soviet doctrine places one SA-6 regiment (5 sites) per tank division.

Missiles are initially guided by remote command, becoming SARH in the terminal phase. The "Straight Flush" is equipped with both a tracking radar and an optical sight, making it a real life possibility to launch and guide until the terminal phase, minimizing RWR warning time and SEAD vulnerability. The possibility of a DCS SA-6 AI of any skill level or scripted behaviour doing this is unconfirmed.

9K33 Osa / SA-8 “Gecko”

Developed in 1971, this short range low altitude SAM is highly mobile and makes for a dangerous escort for ground forces or complement to other defences.

9K33 Osa / SA-8 “Gecko”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
SAM SA-8 Osa 9A33 4 Transporter Erector Launcher And Radar 6× 9M33 Detection: 0.8–16.2nm / 1.5–30km
Detection alt.: 32–16,400ft / 10–5,000m
RWR-08.pngPO1-Short.png
Low alt. engagement: 0.8–4.6nm / 1.5–8.5km
High alt. engagement: 0.8–5.5nm / 1.5–10.3km
Engagement alt.: 32–16,400ft / 10–5,000m
Max speed: Mach 2.1
CP 9S80M1 Sborka (0-1) PPRU-M1 / “Dog Ear” command unit Detection: 0.1–18.9nm / 0.1–35km
Altitude: 50–32,800ft / 15–10,000m
RWR-DE.pngPO1-Short.png
(Unarmed) CP Ural-375 PBU (1) TELAR Calibration and simulation
(Unarmed) Fuel Truck ATZ-10 (1) Tanker
(Unarmed) Transport KAMAZ-43101 (1) Loading Crane
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-375 (1) Transporter/transloader[2]
(Unarmed) Transport ZIL-131 KUNG (1) Repair/test/assembly Station
Reload / rearm 4s to ready new missile; 300s reload per missile;
1800s total ream time from a depleted state.
Acquisition time TELAR: 1s scan + 18s acquisition.
CP: 1s scan + 12s acquisition.
Acquisition limits TELAR lock-on: 13.8nm / 25.5km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
CP lock-on: 16nm / 30km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
Target tracking TELAR can guide 2 missiles at a time at a single target.
Target size limit 0.22m².[1]
No evidence that the CP can share target tracks.
Sensor scan coverage TELAR radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
TELAR “Karat” optics: 360° horizontal × -3°–+27° vertical.
CP: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
Aiming limits Visual: 360° horizontal × -12°–+70° vertical.
Time to ready 2s
Kill radius 5m
Notes
The addition of an optional “Dog Ear” radar can extend detection range, though it may be undesirable due to the lack of emissions control and will tip off the target early.

Soviet doctrine is to place a regiment of SA-8 (5 sites) within a motor-rifle division.

The system is mobile and can be directly driven using Combined Arms.

Available to
Abkhazia, but only with historical units turned off Algeria, from 1980 Angola, from 1987 Belarus, from 1991 Bulgaria, from 1985 Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Cuba, from 1980 Czech Republic, from 1993 East Germany, from 1981 to 1990 Georgia, from 1991 Germany, from 1990 to 1992 Greece, from 1994 India, from 1984 Iraq, from 1982 Kazakhstan, but only with historical units turned off Libya, from 1981 Poland, from 1980 Russia, from 1991 South Ossetia, from 2008 Sudan, from 2014 Ukraine, from 1991 United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off USSR, from 1971 to 1991
Tactics
Each TELAR has both a radar and optical sight intended for searching, ranging, and tracking targets as well as for missile guidance, but the unit as represented in DCS is only ever radar-operated since ECM is not sufficient to render the radar useless.

Can lock incoming missiles but only has limited self-defence anti-missile capability in this manner. Human controllers and scripters might consider to instead just turn off the radar and scoot out of the way in event of a perceived SEAD attack. It can track while on the move, but must stop in order to fire. Shoot and scoot tactics can make this unit a very elusive target for SEAD aircraft: units adopting this tactic would be better engaged by a maverick or high altitude laser guided bomb.

9K37 Buk M1 / SA-11 “Gadfly”

The 1980's successor to the SA-6, this medium range SAM can be extremely hard to kill.

9K37 Buk M1 / SA-11 “Gadfly”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
SAM SA-11 Buk CC 9S470M1 1 Self Propelled Command Centre Detection: 1.1–54nm / 2–100km
Altitude: 49–82,000ft / 15–25,000m[3]
SAM SA-11 Buk SR 9S18M1 1 “Snow Drift” Acquisition Radar (search) Detection: 1.1–54nm / 2–100km
Altitude: 82–82,000ft / 25–25,000m
RWR-SD.pngPO1-Medium.png
SAM SA-11 Buk LN 9A310M1 4-6 “Fire Dome” Transporter Erector Launcher And Radar 4× 9M38M1 Detection: 1.6–27nm / 3–50km
Detection alt.: 65–72,100ft / 20–22,000m
RWR-11.pngPO1-Medium.png
Low alt. engagement: 1.8–13.8nm / 3.3–25.5km
High alt. engagement: 1.8–18.9nm / 3.3–35km
Engagement alt.: 49–72,100ft / 15–22,000m
Max speed: Mach 3.4
(Unarmed) GPU APA-5D on Ural-4320 (1) PES-100T Mobile Power Generator
(Unarmed) Transport KAMAZ-43101 (2) Missile Reload Transporter
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-375 (1) 9T31M1 Self Propelled Crane
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-4320-31 Armored (1) 9V881M1 Equipment Repair/Test Station
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-4320-31 Armored (1) 9V883M1 Equipment Repair Station
(Unarmed) Transport ZIL-131 KUNG (1) 9V95M1 Mobile Automatic Test Station
(Static Cargos) ISO container small (2) Missile releoads
Reload / rearm 5s to ready new missile; 195s reload per missile;
780s total ream time from a depleted state.
Acquisition time CC: 0.1s
SR: 1s scan + 14s acquisition.
TELAR: 1s scan + 20s search acquisition; 4s lock-on for search targets (self-designated or designated by CC).
Acquisition limits SR lock-on: 45.9nm / 85km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
TELAR lock-on: 19.4nm / 36km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
Target tracking CC can track 10 targets at a time, fed by SR.
SR can track 10 targets at a time.
TELAR can guide 2 missiles per target at a time; can track 1 self-designated target + 1 CC-designated target.
Target size limit 0.18m².[1]
Sensor scan coverage SR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
TELAR STR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
TELAR “Karat” optics: 360° horizontal × -3°–+27° vertical.
Time to ready: CC: 20s
SR: 60s
TELAR: 15s
Kill radius 13m
Notes
Has limited self-defence anti-missile capability. The launch unit depicted is the TELAR model with its own tracking radar, and it can operate independently in a very limited capacity if the CC and SR units have been destroyed but requires both to actually fire in any coordinated fashion.

A single TELAR can be deployed and function without CC and SR units, but will rely on optical search to find its targets, and can take severla minutes to complete a full sweep of its detection area. The same holds true if the CC and SR units are destroyed before they can be readied and have not yet provided a target for the TELAR to track.

The system is mobile but consists of multiple interdependent components and cannot be directly driven using Combined Arms.

Available to
Abkhazia, but only with historical units turned off Algeria, but only with historical units turned off Belarus, from 1991 Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Egypt, from 2007 Finland, from 1996 Georgia, from 2007 Iran, but only with historical units turned off Kazakhstan, but only with historical units turned off Russia, from 1991 Serbia, but only with historical units turned off Syria, from 1986 Ukraine, from 1991 United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off USSR, from 1983 to 1991
Tactics
Like the SA-6, this mobile system is designed to move with and cover other ground forces from air attack. As such, many of its upgrades are in the form of the ability to fire on missiles.

SEAD aircraft should be aware that each launcher has its own redundant tracking radar, and will take a ton of ARMs to bring down targeting tracking emitters. Instead, it is better to fire a salvo at the search emitter, as the loss of the search emitter or the command post will largely render the site inoperative unless you fly in very close proximity to the remaining TELARs.

Per Soviet Doctrine, 1 SA-11 brigade (12 sites) is deployed within an army.

9K331 Tor / SA-15 “Gauntlet”

Introduced in 1986 as a successor to the SA-8, this unit is even more of an annoying ankle biter than its predecessor.

9K331 Tor / SA-15 “Gauntlet”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
SAM SA-15 Tor 9A331 4 Transporter Erector Launcher And Radar 8× 9M331 Detection: 0.3–13.5nm / 0.5–25km
Detection alt.: 65–26,200ft / 20–8,000m
RWR-15.pngPO1-Short.png
Engagement: 0.8–6.5nm / 1.5–12km
Engagement alt.: 32–19,700ft / 10–6,000m
Max speed: Mach 3.0
CP 9S80M1 Sborka (0-1) PPRU-M1 / “Dog Ear” command unit Detection: 0.1–18.9nm / 0.1–35km
Altitude: 50–32,800ft / 15–10,000m
RWR-DE.pngPO1-Short.png
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-4320-31 Armored (1) Missile Transporter/transloader
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-4320-31 Armored (1) Test/repair/assembly station
Reload / rearm 4s to ready new missile; 540s reload per batch of 4 missiles;
1080s total ream time from a depleted state.
Acquisition time TELAR: 1s scan + 6s acquisition.
CP: 1s scan + 12s acquisition.
Acquisition limits TELAR lock-on: 11.5nm / 21.3km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
CP lock-on: 16nm / 30km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
Target tracking TELAR can guide 2 missiles at a time at a single target.
Target size limit 0.02m².[1]
No evidence that the CP can share target tracks.
Sensor scan coverage TELAR radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
TELAR optics: 360° horizontal × -3°–+70° vertical.
CP: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
Aiming limits Visual: 360° horizontal × -4°–+85° vertical.
Time to ready TELAR: 10s
CP: 2s
Kill radius 7m
Notes
Has highly capable self-defence anti-missile capability. In pure numbers, no missile should be able to evade it, but in practice, due to reaction times and locking limits, smaller ones (effective size 0.03m² and down) will usually get through.

The addition of an optional “Dog Ear” radar can extend detection range, though it may be undesirable due to the lack of emissions control and will tip off the target early.

The system is mobile and can be directly driven using Combined Arms.

Available to
Belarus, from 1991 China, from 1991 Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Egypt, from 2005 Greece, from 1999 Iran, from 2006 Kazakhstan, from 1991 Ukraine, from 1991 Russia, from 1991 United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off USSR, from 1991 to 1991 Venezuela, from 2007
Tactics
Each TELAR has both a radar and optical sight intended for searching, ranging, and tracking targets as well as for missile guidance, but the unit as represented in DCS is only ever radar-operated since ECM is not sufficient to render the radar useless.

Improved ability to engage incoming missiles, enabling the possibility of covering units from air attack and SEAD, or playing with the sorts of annoying shoot and scoot tactics the SA-8 can accomplish. The one Achilles heel it retains is that it needs to stop to shoot.

In terms of soviet doctrine, a regiment of SA-15 (4 sites) replaces SA-6 or SA-8s within Tanks or Motor-Rifle divisions.

9S80M1 Sborka-M1 (PPRU-M1) / “Dog Ear”

The PPRU-1 mobile reconnaissance and air defence control point was introduced in the late 1970s as a unified way to coordinate mobile tactical air defence batteries such as the Shilka, Strela-1, Strela-10, Tor and Tunguska.

9S80M1 Sborka-M1 (PPRU-M1) / “Dog Ear”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
CP 9S80M1 Sborka 1 9S80M1 Sborka / “Dog Ear” command unit Detection: 0.1–18.9nm / 0.1–35km
Altitude: 50–32,800ft / 15–10,000m
RWR-DE.pngPO1-Short.png
Acquisition time 1s scan + 12s acquisition.
Acquisition limits Radar: 16nm / 30km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
Target tracking Can track 10 targets at a time.
Target size limit 0.18m².[1]
There is no evidence that the Sborka can share target tracks with other units.
Sensor scan coverage Radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
Time to ready 2s
Notes
The system has no offensive (or defensive) capabilities but is solely intended to augment AI unit early-warning detection capabilities. It cannot be driven using Combined Arms.
Available to
Abkhazia, but only with historical units turned off Algeria, but only with historical units turned off Belarus, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Georgia, but only with historical units turned off Kazakhstan, but only with historical units turned off Russia, from 1991 Ukraine, but only with historical units turned off United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off USSR, from 1978 to 1991
Tactics
Since this is entirely a support unit — it presents no threat and cannot really protect against anything, the Sborka may seem like a completely harmless thing. It still creates issues, however. For one, when attached to any of the units it is supposed to support, it lets enemy units detect the player earlier and lets them be ready sooner. In some cases, this may seem like a disadvantage since IR-based systems like the Strelas or Iglas would otherwise not show up on the player's RWR. But on the other hand, given the breadth of units that it is supposedly attached to, this creates a problem: you have no idea what is hiding behind that RWR blip. It may just be some low-level AAA, but it might also suddenly flip over into showing an SA-15 site, or it might show nothing and out of nowhere you are yet another Tunguska victim.

It also creates problem for SEAD/DEAD aircraft since it creates another emitter that the ARM:s might go after and which needs to be resolved, filtered out, and separated from more worth-while targets.

HQ-7 / 红旗-7 “Red Banner”

HQ-7 / 红旗-7 “Red Banner”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
HQ-7 Self-Propelled LN 3 Launch Unit 4× HQ-7 Detection: 0.1–10.8nm / 0.2–20km
Detection alt.: 0–18,000ft / 0–5,500m
RWR-7.pngPO1-Short.png
Engagement: 0.3–6.5nm / 0.5–12km
Engagement alt.: 98–18,000ft / 30–5,500m
Max speed: Mach 2.5
HQ-7 Self-Propelled STR (1) Search (and Track) Unit Detection: 0.3–16.2nm / 0.5–30km
Altitude: 32–18,000ft / 10–5,500m
RWR-HQ.pngPO1-Medium.png
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-4320-31 Armored (4) Support/maintenance group
Reload / rearm 1s to ready new missile; 240s reload per missiles;
960s total ream time from a depleted state.
Acquisition time LN: 5s scan + 5s acquisition.
STR: 1s scan + 10s acquisition.
Acquisition limits LN lock-on: 3.4–5.2nm / 6.4–9.6km.[4] Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
STR lock-on: 14nm / 27km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
Target tracking LN can guide 1 missile at a time at a single target.
STR can guide 4 missiles per target and can track 2 targets at once.
Target size limit 0.12m².[1]
Sensor scan coverage LN radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
STR radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
Aiming limits Visual: 360° horizontal × -5°–+45° vertical.
Time to ready 2s
Kill radius 7m Countermeasure resistance factor ×3
Notes
In spite of the naming scheme, the launcher vehicle has full search-and-track capabilities on its own and is not reliant on the STR to detect or engage targets — it just does it slower and at shorter ranges.

Has nominal capabilities to engage larger cruise- and anti-ship missiles, but its target altitude limit will not let missiles reliably track sea-skimming targets.

The system is mobile and can be directly driven using Combined Arms, including the STR, which provides a huge radar scope as its main viewpoint.

Available to
Algeria, but only with historical units turned off China, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Blue, but only with historical units turned off Combined Joint Task Force Red, but only with historical units turned off Pakistan, but only with historical units turned off United Nations Peacekeepers, but only with historical units turned off USAF Aggressors, but only with historical units turned off
Tactics
The HQ-7 in many ways operates like a more capable SA-8 / Osa. It has similar targeting and engagement limits, but is much less affected by countermeasures, and the addition of an STR unit should allow it to more quickly switch between multiple targets. Still, flying high or engaging with stand-off weapons will hit its weak spots much like with the Osa.

A typical HQ-7 battalion consists of 3 operational sections, each with 3 launchers and 1 search radar, and 1 support section with 10 support vehicles and a maintenance group.

S-75M1 Divina / SA-2 “Guideline”

Typical Layout of an SA 2 (minus static or non-functional objects). Includes Shilkas and an Igla team to cover against low approaches.

The SA-2 is a Soviet Radar guided medium range high altitude SAM system developed in 1957, but continues to see use to this day. The missiles are given remote commands from a ground operator, effectively making them Semi-Active Radar Homing.

S-75M1 Divina / SA-2 “Guideline”
Units Qty Function Stores Range / Symbol
SAM SR P-19 1 P-19 Danube 1RL134 / “Flat Face B” Search Radar Detection: 0.8–86.4nm / 1.5–160km
Altitude: 82–98,400ft / 25–30,000m
RWR-FF.pngPO1-Medium.png
SAM SA-2 TR SNR-75 Fan Song 1 “Fan Song” Tracking Radar Detection: 0.8–54nm / 1.5–100km
Altitude: 82–82,000ft / 25–25,000m
RWR-2.pngRWR-FS.pngPO1-Medium.png
SAM SA-2 LN SM-90 6 Single-rail Launcher 1× 13DAM (V-755) Low alt. engagement: 3.8–21.6nm / 7–40km
High alt. engagement: 3.8–16.2nm / 7–30km
Altitude: 328–65,600ft / 100–20,000m
Max speed: Mach 3.0
(Unarmed) CP SKP-11 ATC Mobile Command Post (1) Radio Relay Van
(Unarmed) CP Ural-375 PBU (1) SNR-75 Radar Operation Van
(Unarmed) CP Ural-375 PBU (1) SNR-75 Radar Electronics Van
(Unarmed) GPU APA-80 on ZiL-131 (1) ESP-90 Power generator
(Unarmed) Transport Ural-375 (1-6) Transporter/transloader
(Static Cargos) Fuel Tank (2) 5L22A Fuel Tank
(Static Cargos) Oiltank (2) 5L62A Oxidiser Tank
(Unavailable) Rapier FSA Blindfire Tracker (1) RV-10 Konus Heightfinding Radars Detection 0.3–16.2nm / 0.5–30km
Altitude: 164–13,100ft / 50–4,000m
RWR-RT.pngPO1-Short.png
Reload / rearm 2700s per missile to reload.
Acquisition time SR: 6s scan + 9s acquisition.
TR: 1s scan + 20s acquisition.
HFR: 1s scan + 6s acquisition.
Acquisition limits SR lock-on: 73nm / 136km. Notch: <15m/s (29kts, 54km/h) vrad.
TR lock-on: 41.3nm / 76.5km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
HFR lock-on: 11.5nm / 21.3km. Notch: <10m/s (19kts, 36km/h) vrad.
Target tracking SR can track 10 targets at a time.
TR can can guide 2 missiles at a time at a single target.
Target size limit 0.18m².[1]
Sensor scan coverage SR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+45° vertical.
TR: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
HFR radar: 360° horizontal × -15°–+60° vertical.
HFR optics: 360° horizontal × -3°–+70° vertical.
Time to ready 2s (all components)
Kill radius 20m
Notes
While the radar is ostensibly capable of limited missile tracking, the locking time and the missile guidance will never allow for an actual egagement.

The optional components are mostly for decoration (especially the static cargo containers), although the many transport units will provide rearming functionality for the launchers.

The Rapier Blindfire Tracker is a good visual representation of the height-finding radar, but is commonly unavailable to countries that possess the SA-2 and would probably interfere with detection mechanics if mixed in — a better