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DCS Reference: Missile Ranges

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All numbers in these tables are based on vague intelligence estimates and/or PR posturing and will not be even remotely accurate. For a more sane and realistic estimate of actual effective ranges, divide all numbers by 2 or 3. In addition, all numbers will be reduced further when dealing with a manoeuvring and/or cold-aspect target, especially at lower altitudes (i.e. anything below 25,000').

At best, some of the wire- or laser-guided air-to-ground missiles have proper ranges since they are limited by the wire length and laser coherence, which are fairly well-known entities, more than by aerodynamics and propulsion capacity. Even then, however, guiding the missile on an odd path will reduce the effective range accordingly.

Air-to-Air Missiles

Name Models and ranges[1] Note
AIM-7 “Sparrow” E F M MH MH variant offers improved loft logic that allows for more efficient use of the flight energy and longer effective range.
24nm 37nm
45km 70km
AIM-9 “Sidewinder” B J L M P P5 X X variant offers over-the-shoulder launching that significantly reduces effective range.
2.5nm 10nm 20nm
4.5km 18km 37km
AIM-54 “Phoenix” A Mk47 A Mk60 C Mk47 C The Mk60 engine offers higher acceleration and speed, and thus lower time on target, but also lower manoeuvrability.
120nm 145nm 130nm 100nm+
220km 270km 240km 180km+
AIM-120 AMRAAM B C C variant has clipped wings for internal carry on the F-22, resulting in slightly lowered manoeuvrability.
40nm 57nm
75km 105km
MICA IR RF Offers over-the-shoulder launching that significantly reduces effective range.
43nm
80km
Mistral 3.5nm
6km
PL-5EII 10nm Offers limited off-axis, but not full over-the-shoulder launching capability.
18km
R-3 / R-13 M M1 R S All variants are based on the same K-13 platform reverse-engineered from the GAR-8 (AIM-9B).
8nm 4.5nm 4nm
15km 8km 7km
R-24 R T
27nm 8mn
50km 15km
R-27 ER ET R T Guidance logic allows for a maximum vertical separation of ±10km (32k ft) for the R/T variants and ±12km (39k ft) for the ER/ET.
35nm 28nm 23nm 18nm
65km 52km 42km 33km
R-33 110nm+
200km+
R-40 R T
43nm 10nm
80km 20km
R-55 / RS-2US 3.5nm All variants are based on the same K-5 platform, only with different seeker heads.
6km
R-60 base model M The M variant has an 20° wider seeker FoV and significantly lower minimum range.
4.5nm
8km
R-73 16nm Offers over-the-shoulder launching that significantly reduces effective range.
30km
R-77 54nm
100km
R.550 Magic 2
(Matra Magic II)
8nm
15km
SD-10 50nm
90km
Super 530D 20nm
37km

Air-to-Ground Missiles

Name Models and ranges[1] Note
ADM-141 TALD 68nm The purpose of the TALD is not to hit a target but to reach a SAM WEZ and have it expend missiles while tracking radars are attacked with ARM:s.
125km
AGM-45 “Shrike” A B Intermittent emissions may cause the missile to jink and lose energy, thereby reducing effective range.
9nm 21nm
16km 40km
AGM-65 “Maverick” A B D F G E H K Range is primarily limited by the locking capabilities of the seeker head: low contrast or cluttered conditions will reduce the ability to identify and track a target. Flight range is in excess of 10nm/18km at sea level; 20nm/37km at altitude.
2nm 4nm 8nm 15nm 5nm
3.5km 7km 15km 27km 9km
AGM-84 “Harpoon” A E (SLAM) Range is highly dependent on launch platform and attack profile. Sea-level launch and sea-skimming approach yields lower range.
50–70nm
92–130km
AGM-86C ALCM 600nm+
1,100km+
AGM-88C HARM 80nm Less affected by intermittent or lost emissions but still susceptible to energy and range loss if used against a moving target.
150km
AGM-114K “Hellfire” 4.5nm
8km
AGM-119B “Penguin” 30nm
55km
AGM-122 “Sidearm” 9nm
16km
AGM-154 JSOW A B C Technically a gliding bomb rather than a self-propelled missile, the range highly dependent on release altitude.
12–70nm
22–130km
ALARM 50nm
93km
AS.34 “Kormoran” 12nm
23km
BGM-71D TOW 2nm
3.5km
BK-90 “Mjölner” 5.5nm Technically a gliding bomb with a fixed skimming altitude rather than self-propelled missile, accurate ranging is dependent on a 50–500m AGL release.
10km
C-701 IR T Range is primarily limited by the locking capabilities of the seeker head: low contrast or cluttered conditions will reduce the ability to identify and track a target. Flight range is in excess of 10nm/18km at sea level; 20nm/37km at altitude.
10nm
18km
C-802 / CM-802 A AK AKG Range is heavily dependent on launch platform, altitude, flight path, and (for the CM-802AKG) line of sight for the data link.
110nm+
200km+
GB-6 -HE -SFW Technically a gliding bomb rather than a self-propelled missile, the range highly dependent on release altitude.
12–70nm
22–130km
HOT3 2nm
4km
Kh-22N 320nm
600km
AS.34 “Kormoran” 12nm
23km
Kh-25 ML MP MPU MR MP and MPU models require emissions to be picked up by an L-081 pod and lock-on range is also affected by the strength and range of the original emission.
6nm 10nm 16nm 6nm
11km 18km 30km 11km
Kh-29 L T
5nm 6nm
10km 12km
Kh-31 A P Range is highly dependent on launch platform and attack profile. Sea-level launch and sea-skimming approach yields lower range.
14–54nm 54nm
25–100km 100km
Kh-35 70nm
130km
Kh-58U 130nm Requires emissions to be picked up by an L-081 pod and lock-on range is also affected by the strength and range of the original emission.
250km
Kh-59M 62nm
115km
Kh-65SE 320nm
600km
Kh-66 5.5nm Minimum range 1nm/2km
10km
“Kokon”
9M114
3nm Fired from 9K114 “Shturm-V” launchers.
5km
LD-10 50nm Less affected by intermittent or lost emissions but still susceptible to energy and range loss if used against a moving target.
90km
LS-6 12–70nm Technically a gliding bomb rather than a self-propelled missile, the range highly dependent on release altitude.
22–130km
Rb-04E 17nm Released from 450m ASL; Sea-skimming at 10m ASL; group targets may not be spread out more than 2,700m.
32km
Rb-05A 5nm
9km
Rb-15F 37nm Range accounts for all turning points Bx6–Bx8; the sum of course changes along the flight path must be <135°; sea-skimming at 10–30m ASL, or 10–80m AGL.
70km
Rb-75 B Range is primarily limited by the locking capabilities of the seeker head: low contrast or cluttered conditions will reduce the ability to identify and track a target. Flight range is in excess of 10nm/18km at sea level.
2nm 4nm
3.5km 7km
Sea Eagle 60nm
110km
“Vikhr”
9M121 / 9M4172
9M121 Vikhr 9M4172 Vikhr-1 Range is primarily limited by the laser designator on the carrying platform: ~5.5nm/10km on the Su-25T and -25MT; 4.5nm/8km on the Ka-50
6.5nm
12km
  1. 1.0 1.1 For a list of the differences between models, see the Stores List page.